Sole Trader

Sauba & Daughters Co Accountants office is located on George Street, Croydon within walking distance of East and West Croydon train stations.

Sole trader

Being a sole trader is the simplest way to run a business: it does not involve paying any registration fees. Keeping records and accounts are straightforward and you keep all the profits. However you are personally liable for any debt that your business runs up which makes this a risky option for businesses that need a lot of investment.
You need to register as self-employed – see self-employment.

Sole trader

You have to make an annual self assessment tax return to HM Revenue & Customs. You must also keep records showing your business income and expenses.


Any profits the business makes will be yours after deduction of income tax and national insurance. You can decide to draw all the profits out or re-invest in the business.

Tax and national insurance

As you are self-employed, you will pay income tax on your profit through the Self Assessment system as well as Class 2 and Class 4 National Insurance.
Class 2 National Insurance is fixed rate and Class 4 National Insurance contributions calculated on your profits.
You will also have to pay VAT if you reach the registration threshold.


As a sole trader, you are personally responsible for any debts run up by your business. This means your home or other assets may be at risk if your business runs into trouble.
Please contact Sauba & Daughters Co South London Accountants if you need further advice, have any questions about our services, would like a free consultation or a fixed fee quote.